Yeast Infection – Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Do You Have a Yeast Infection?

It’s possible that you’d been experiencing itching in the vagina for quite some time now, but had been ignoring it, thinking it’d go away on its own. But, there is every likelihood that it’ll soon turn to burn and slowly creep to the vulva, the skin surrounding the vagina.

Before you press the panic button and start thinking the worst, take comfort in the fact that it may only be a yeast infection.

What Causes Yeast Infections

Most yeast infections begin this way and are a common occurrence. Almost three-fourths of women can expect it some time in their lives. However, this infection is not confined to women alone, it infects men too. So, let’s see what are the signs and symptoms of yeast infection.

What is a Yeast Infection?

Yeast infection is most commonly caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. In women, it’s already present in small amounts inside the vagina but does not cause the infection, because of the acidic environment that helps keep yeast from growing.

If the vagina becomes less acidic, yeast multiplies causing vaginal infection. This change in acidic balance can be caused by menstruation, pregnancy, diabetes, some antibiotics, birth control pills, and steroids. Moisture and irritation of the vagina also seem to encourage yeast growth.

What Causes Yeast Infections?

It stands to reason that if you know the cause of yeast infection, especially the cause of vaginal yeast infection; you can understand the symptoms and get timely treatment.

However, if you’re suffering from frequent yeast infection and the cause is eluding you. You’ll need to see a physician figure out the cause for recurring yeast infection and work to prevent it. Let’s see the causes of this infection and what can be done about it.

Yeast infection causes and cures

Let’s see what’re the causes and cures of yeast infection:

1. Antibiotics

Can antibiotics cause a yeast infection? The answer is probably yes. It has been established beyond doubt that the intake of some antibiotics causes yeast infection.

2. Clothing

If you provide a warm and moist environment by wearing synthetic, tight or dirty clothes, you’re are inviting yeast infection. So, avoid non-cotton clothes, especially undergarments. Go for ‘breathable’ cotton ones. If you are sweating a lot, change your underwear regularly and always start the day with a fresh one.

3. Condoms

Condoms with nonoxynol-9 lubricant and spermicide are known to cause a yeast infection. So, use ones that don’t have this spermicidal lubricant. Some females are allergic to latex and can get yeast infections from latex condoms. So, look for alternatives, like plastic (polyurethane) condoms.

4. Hormones

Hormonal imbalances can make you prone to yeast infections. This can be due to pregnancy, periods, contraceptive pills or steroids.

Symptoms of yeast infection

Of course, the symptoms of female yeast infection will certainly differ from male yeast infection symptoms. Candida yeast infection symptoms are most commonly displayed in teenage girls and women between the ages of sixteen and thirty-five.

Although it can occur in younger girls and older women too. However, the vaginal yeast infection symptoms remain, more or less, the same. The symptoms experienced may be:

1. Vaginal irritation

This generally appears at the onset of yeast infection.

2. Vaginal itching

It can vary from light to severe and may also affect the area around the vagina.

3. Vaginal burning:

This is a chronic yeast infection symptom and can be accompanied by swelling of the vulva and painful urination. This condition can get so bad, as to prevent you from walking, let alone riding a bike.

4. Vaginal discharge

This may appear in the form of thick white or whitish-gray, cottage-cheese-like discharge. It can also be watery in consistency and can range from thick and not clumpy to faintly yellow to thin and clear.

5. Vaginal discharge smell

Vaginal discharge is generally odorless, but can smell like bread or beer since yeast is used in their preparation, although the species used in brewing and baking is Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Since no bacteria smell like that, it’s a great diagnostic!

6. Painful sexual intercourse

Women suffering from yeast infection generally experience pain during sexual intercourse.

Yeast infection symptom in man generally appears as penile infection but is rarer. Although it can be contracted through unprotected sex with an infected person, you don’t have to be sexually active to get it.

Although yeast infection is a common problem, especially amongst women, you need to remain on guard, as the reason can be other infections, like bacterial and urinary tract infections and trichomoniasis.

Treatments for Yeast Infection

So, your physician has confirmed you’re suffering from yeast infection. Although the itching and burning in the vagina or the disgusting vaginal discharge or a host of other symptoms that accompany this infection must have got you worried.

It was only your physician that could’ve diagnosed it for you. This is because there are other infections too that display similar symptoms. Knowing about this infection is the first step in its prevention and treatment.

Knowing yeast infection

A group of microscopic fungi or yeast of the Candida family, most commonly Candida albicans, is responsible for the yeast infection. Although yeast lives inside the vagina, its growth is kept in check by the acidic environment. However, there are times when this environment becomes less acidic, resulting in the growth of yeast and subsequent infection.

Yeast infection treatments

Yeast infection is not life-threatening and is generally counted amongst minor ailments, provided chronic symptoms don’t set in. There are plenty of over-the-counter medications available for treating this problem. Let’s see what they are:

1. Candisil

It is one of the best yeast infection treatments available in the market today. Candisil penetrates deeply to attack yeast infections from the inside out, especially when used as a natural treatment for vaginal yeast infection.

2. Miconazole

This antifungal agent comes in cream, lotion, powder, spray liquid and spray powder. It’s also available as cream and suppositories to be inserted into the vagina. It comes in two forms – Monistat-Derm and Monistat-Vaginal.

3. Tioconazole

This antifungal agent is effective in killing the fungus or yeast and preventing its growth. However, full treatment is required to clear up the infection completely, even if the symptoms begin to clear up after a few days. It comes in the form of Vagistat Vaginal.

4. Butoconazole

Butoconazole is used for infection treatment of vaginal yeast. It requires extended usage to eradicate the infection even if the condition is cured, as chances of recurrence of infection cannot be ruled out. Butoconazole can even be used during the menstrual period. It comes in the form of Femstat.

5. Clotrimazole:

This ointment is used to topically treat vaginal and anal yeast infection. It decreases the skin irritation and discomfort and ultimately clears the infection. It comes in the form of Femizole-7, Gyne-Lotrimin.

6. Nystatin

Nystatin is used to treat fungal infections of the skin, mouth, vagina and the intestinal tract. This is an excellent agent for oral treatment of yeast infection caused by thrush and other fungal infections.

Consult your physician if you want yeast infection treatment during pregnancy. If your immune system is weak, your physician may recommend Candisil, since it’s an excellent natural infection treatment for yeast and a favorite of doctors everywhere.

Candisil is also a homeopathic infection treatment for yeast. Most households prefer to keep it handy, as an effective herbal treatment for yeast infection.

However, if you experience irritation in the vagina or the surrounding tissue by using any of these creams and lotions, discontinue the medication immediately.

Whether you’re going in for male yeast infection treatment or symptom treatment of vaginal yeast infection, just remember to go strictly as per the directions of your physician and read the instructions on the prescribed medications carefully. This will help in speedier eradication of yeast infection.


Yeast infection can be very uncomfortable but is usually not serious. If you suspect your symptoms to be that of yeast infection, see your physician immediately. He’ll examine you to make sure the cause of the symptom is a yeast infection.