What Causes Nasal Congestion and How Is It Treated?

Causes Nasal Congestion

What is Nasal congestion?

Nasal congestion is the result of blocked nasal passages. Generally, these passages are blocked due to inflamed blood vessels in the nose. While, in most cases, this problem is fairly common and just an inconvenience. It can grow to be serious and even life-threatening in some individuals. Particularly if it causes problems with breathing or sleeping.

“Nasal congestion can even lead to issues with the ears, hearing, and even speech development.”

Snoring, sleep apnea, and asthma may also develop or be worsened by chronic nasal congestion.  For these reasons, it is important that individuals not just let their problems go.You should not wait for them to clear up on their own. Seeking out treatment is vital.

What are the symptoms of Nasal Congestion?

In this condition, nasal passages are blocked or congested due to excess mucus buildup. Inflamed blood vessels and swelling of the mucosa lining of the nostrils are the other root causes. It should be treated as it brings along a set of medical symptoms, such as:

  • Pressure in ears,
  • Reduced hearing,
  • Mild facial pain,
  • Headache,
  • Snoring,
  • Sleep problems,
  • Change in voice

What Causes of Nasal Congestion?

Bacterial and viral infections and low body-oxygen contents are the main superficial causes of a stuffy nose or nasal congestion. However, it is one of the most commonly occurring problems.

Various other causes responsible for the problem,

  • Allergies or Allergic Reactions
  • Structural Abnormalities
  • Vasomotor or non-allergic Rhinitis
  • Chronic Sinusitis
  • Cold and Flu
  • Deviated Septum
  • Medication Side Effect

1. Virus Infections

Virus infections are mainly responsible for stuffy nose. Viral infections occur more often because of less immunity strength. So that toddlers are always in danger of viral infected baby stuffy nose. Some of the viruses are airborne, but most are transmitted by hand-to-nose contact.

Viruses cause the body to release histamine that increases blood flow to the nos. For these causes nasal tissue to swell. The nose becomes congested with blood and produces excessive amounts of mucus that “stuffs up” the nasal airway. Nasal congestion also leads to a thick discharge of mucous.

2. Allergies or Allergic Reactions

Allergy is an exaggerated inflammatory response to substances such as pollen, dust mites, house dust, animal dander, and tobacco smoke. These responses release histamine that causes congestion and excess production of watery nasal mucous. Sometimes sudden changes in environmental conditions like hot to cold or vice versa can cause a stuffy nose.

3. Structural Abnormalities

Structural abnormalities including the deviated nasal septum, large inferior turbinate’s, polyps in the nose, external valve collapse, bent or twisted nose, and large adenoids also cause a stuffy nose. These deformities are usually the result of an injury or maybe present the time of birth. Such abnormalities should be diagnosed and proper actions should be taken.

4. Vasomotor Rhinitis

It is a non-allergic condition that causes inflammation of mucous membranes in the nose and nasal membranes. The main issues that expand these membranes are irritants such as perfume, tobacco smoke, and psychological stress. The condition becomes recurring or the symptoms do not get better with time.

5. Chronic Sinusitis

Nasal congestion may also be caused by a chronic sinus infection or bacterial infection of the paranasal sinuses. It may mimic the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and symptoms like a sinus headache, sinus pressure, and mucus. It is usually followed by a common cold.

6. Cold and Flu

A cold or flu most of the time end up with a sore throat and nasal obstruction due to a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract — nose and throat. The immune system responds to the infection by secreting histamines, causing dilation of blood vessels and inflammation of nasal membranes.

7. Deviated Septum

Deviated septum is a nasal structural problem that occurs when the thin wall between nostrils is displaced to one side and makes one nasal passage smaller. It can block one side of the nose and reduce airflow and cause a stuffy nose.

8. Medication Side Effect

Stuffy nose sometimes causes due to the adverse effects of treatment medications. Some of the drugs affect blood circulation and may bring about increased flow in the blood vessels and causes swelling of the mucous membrane in the nose, ultimately, leading to increased mucus secretion and blocked nose.

Whatever the cause is, immediate action should be taken against it. Various remedies for the stuffy nose are available. You could try anyone of them.

How to Treated Nasal Congestion?

How to Get Rid of Nasal Congestion Fast — Yes, none wants to have it, but sometimes stuffy nose comes without any symptoms. When you see that everyone around you is blowing their nose, you notice that stuffy nose is coming to town. Stuffy nose is simple but irritating. You cannot work at your office effectively when you find it hard just to breathing.

Moreover, you need to wipe your nose almost every minute. A stuffy nose can go away by itself, but a method to get rid of a stuffy nose fast is considered important for you. Here are some methods about how to get rid of a stuffy nose fast.

How to get rid of a stuffy nose fast?

1. Decongestants and Analgesics

Decongestants and analgesics may not combat a virus that becomes the real problem of the stuffy nose, but they can decrease the symptoms to make you feel more comfortable. You can get decongestants and analgesics at the nearest drugstores to get rid of a stuffy nose fast.

Decongestant can taper down the inflammation on your sinus and make the mucus drain out freely, while analgesics like ibuprofen can increase the effectiveness of the decongestant, making it easier to get rid of a stuffy nose.

Regular Exercise

How to get rid of a stuffy nose fast with regular exercise? Regular exercise can boost the condition of your respiratory system so that your body has more resistance to infections of viruses and bacteria.

Especially in winter, doing regular exercise can reduce the risk of having stuffy nose and sinusitis, while on the other hand, it can help to get rid of a stuffy nose fast, too. The conclusion is regular exercise is greatly beneficial for your body, not only to get rid of a stuffy nose fast but also to get rid of any kind of disease.

3. Lots of Vitamin C

Vitamin C makes your body easier to defend from any viral and bacterial infections. Some vitamin C supplements consumptions per day will both decrease the risk of getting a stuffy nose and get rid of a stuffy nose fast.

You can get vitamin C from not only drugs or supplements but also fruits or juices like oranges. There are many kinds of foods that contain lots of vitamin C to get rid of a stuffy nose fast.

4. Corticosteroids and Antibiotics

Acute stuffy nose is usually caused by bacteria. It can last for about two or three weeks. Some antibiotics and corticosteroids nasal sprays are essential to get rid of a stuffy nose fast, especially for acute stuffy nose or sinusitis. However, antibiotics and corticosteroid sprays can be used only under consultation and instruction from your doctor, before taking them to get rid of a stuffy nose fast.

5. Antifungal Medications

Many acute stuffy noses are caused by an infection from a fungus. Acute and chronic stuffy nose and sinusitis are better to be treated by antifungal medications, with some help of corticosteroids medicines. To get rid of a stuffy nose fast, do not forget to consult with your doctor first to get more detailed instructions before taking these medicines. These medicines are good to get rid of a stuffy nose fast.

Antihistamines to Fight Allergies

While many stuffy noses are caused by infection from viruses and bacteria, many other stuffy noses are caused by allergic reactions. Antihistamines can get rid of a stuffy nose fast, especially stuffy nose that caused by allergens. However, like any other abovementioned medicines, it is not recommended for you to consume antihistamines without any prescription or instruction from a doctor.

Avoid Blowing Nose Too Hard

Many people think that blowing their noses hard can get rid of a stuffy nose fast. However, it is contrary to the fact that blowing nose makes your stuffy nose worse. If you blow your nose too hard, then the sinuses can tear, resulting in contrast with what you want.

You can end up getting irritation or inflammation of your sinuses, which makes you breathe harder. To get rid of a stuffy nose fast, just blow your nose gently and softly to drag out the mucus inside without making any damages in your sinuses.

Eucalyptus Oil

Eucalyptus oil contains expectorates with the effervescence properties that can improve the condition of a person with a stuffy nose and get rid of a stuffy nose fast. Add it to some water in your humidifier or rub the oil on your chest to make the sticky mucus inside the chest become more loosen. Moreover, many people try to boil the eucalyptus oil in water and inhale the steam released to get rid of a stuffy nose fast. And, it works!

Moist Heat Compress

Moist heat compress on your face for three until five times a day, ten minutes per practice, can help you get rid of a stuffy nose fast. Moisture helps your nose normalize its condition, while the heat released can help your capillaries and blood vessels. Therefore, you can get rid of a stuffy nose fast.

What described above are any tips and methods about how to get rid of a stuffy nose. You may read other articles related to this topic, like how to get rid of a stuffy nose quickly, home remedies for stuffy nose, about the baby stuffy nose, or other articles about stuffy nose from this site. Thanks.