Cholesterol Levels: Everything you should know

Cholesterol Levels
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What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy-like molecule in the body that is required to carry out a variety of important functions, such as making sex and steroid hormones and providing flexibility to our cells.

However, when you have too much cholesterol in your blood, you can potentially — and silently — develop some serious health problems.

What is Hypercholesterolemia?

Hypercholesterolemia is most commonly known as high cholesterol, is diagnosed when you have too much cholesterol circulating in your blood. When this occurs over time, cholesterol can accumulate on the walls of vessels and create a waxy, thick plaque.

This process, known as atherosclerosis, can reduce blood flow to the heart or other areas of the body, preventing oxygen and nutrients from getting where they need to go.

If blood flow becomes completely blocked to the heart or brain, it can cause a heart attack or a stroke, respectively.

What are the cause of High cholesterol?

High cholesterol can come from two main sources: your liver and from your diet. Although dietary recommendations suggest consuming no more than 200 mg of cholesterol a day, our bodies make most of the cholesterol it needs on a daily basis.

The cholesterol that is made by your liver is also known as endogenous cholesterol. High amounts of endogenous cholesterol usually result from certain disease conditions (such as hypothyroidism or diabetes) or from your genes.

Sometimes, if you treat the disease state, you may be able to lower your cholesterol levels. But if you have a parent or sibling with high cholesterol levels, there is a chance that you might also get high cholesterol in the future.

Exogenous cholesterol refers to cholesterol that comes from outside of the body. This is usually caused by a diet that it high in cholesterol and saturated fat. Foods in such a diet might include fast foods, pastries, and meats. By reducing the amount of fat and cholesterol you consume daily, you may be able to lower your cholesterol.

Some foods are not alone in causing high cholesterol levels — some medications can cause your cholesterol to be elevated, too.

Cholesterol Levels

Healthy cholesterol numbers for age 19 or younger

Type of Cholesterol Healthy Level
Total Cholesterol Less than 170mg/dL
Non-HDL Less than 120mg/dL
LDL Less than 100mg/dL
HDL More than 45mg/dL

 

Healthy cholesterol numbers for Men age 20 or older:

Type of Cholesterol Healthy Level
Total Cholesterol 125 to 200mg/dL
Non-HDL Less than 130mg/dL
LDL Less than 100mg/dL
HDL 40mg/dL or higher

 

Healthy cholesterol numbers for women age 20 or older:

Type of Cholesterol Healthy Level
Total Cholesterol 125 to 200mg/dL
Non-HDL Less than 130mg/dL
LDL Less than 100mg/dL
HDL 50mg/dL or higher

 

How can I lower my cholesterol?

We can lower the cholesterol by changing in our diet and lifestyle. Regular exercise, A heart-healthy eating and managing stress can help to reduce cholesterol levels. If lifestyle changes do not affect the cholesterol levels, you can consult with doctor for medicine. We discuss previously various ways to lower the cholesterol:

9 Natural Ways to Lower Your Cholesterol Levels

Faqs

What Is the Amount of Cholesterol You Need To Consume Each Day?

Doctors used to recommend that the daily consumption of cholesterol should not exceed 200 mg a day but since 2015 there is no specific limit for daily intake of cholesterol.

How Can I Tell If I Have High Cholesterol?

You can know about high cholesterol through a cholesterol test. It is a blood test that will look at the key lipids, or fats, that are in the blood like LDL, HDL, Triglycerides, Total cholesterol, etc.

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