What is Canker Sores?
Canker sores are small, slightly raised bumps on the mouth, lips or gums. They typically are irregularly shaped and may have a white film on top. Although they are generally harmless. They can cause severe pain. Especially if they are located in an area subject to lots of friction.
In rare cases, canker sores can become infected, requiring antibiotic treatment. More commonly, they go away on their own after several days. Many people confuse canker sores with cold sores or oral herpes.
Canker sores tend to be concentrated on the inside of the mouth while these illnesses are frequently on the lips. Canker sores are also softer and don’t normally appear in clusters.
What are the Causes of Canker Sores?
The precise cause of canker sores is not known. But doctors have found several factors correlated with the development of canker sores.
Canker sores are painful and seem to develop at inopportune moments. Fortunately, unlike cold sores, they are not contagious and not readily visible to the general public. Currently, scientists don’t know exactly what causes canker sores to develop.
There do seem to be several factors that trigger canker sore outbreaks including stress, hormones, oral traumas, diseases, chemical compounds, and nutritional deficiencies.
1.Stress and Canker Sores
One of the suspected causes of canker sores is a malfunction of the body’s immune system. Since stress is known to weaken a person’s immune system.
It makes sense that the more stress that you are under, the weaker your immune system will be. The more likely it will be to malfunction and create canker sores in your mouth.
2.Hormones and Canker Sores
Hormone levels have also been tied to the development of canker sores. When a body’s hormones are unbalanced because of puberty, menstruation, or a physical disorder, then canker sores can develop.
Hormone therapies and oral contraceptive treatments can both be used to balance your hormones. They help to prevent canker sores.
3.Oral Traumas and Canker Sores
Oral traumas are the number one cause of canker sores. Oral traumas lead to a break in the skin on the inside of your mouth. This allow bacteria to enter this delicate skin and create an ulcer.
It can caused by several things from braces to accidentally biting the inside of your cheek to eating sharp foods like hard candies.
4.Diseases and Canker Sores
There are a few scientists that believe, canker sores are caused by the same causal factors as peptic ulcers, Helicobacter Pylori. Helicobacter Pylori is a bacterium that causes an ulcer to develop.
To protect your mouth from canker sores. You will want to avoid nicotine, oral traumas, and other things that will stress the lining of your mouth. Make it vulnerable to bacterial infection by H. Pylori.
5.Chemical Compounds and Canker Sores
Believe it or not, the toothpaste that you use can cause your canker sores. Toothpaste contains the chemical compound lauryl sulfate. It linked to many outbreaks of canker sores.
This is why many dentists and doctors recommend that if you have had a canker sore outbreak in the past. You should avoid toothpaste with this compound in the future.
6.Nutrition and Canker Sores
Your diet is the final piece of the puzzle for canker sore prevention. It has been discovered that people who are deficient in nutrients including folic acid, iron, and vitamin B-12, are prone to canker sores.
Fortunately, this is an easy problem to fix. All you have to do is to take nutritional supplements. A daily multivitamin is usually sufficient to prevent many cases of canker sores.
Canker Sores Pictures
How to Treat Canker Sores?
Canker sores don’t require medical care unless you develop a fever or the sore becomes very red and inflamed. This could indicate an infection.
In most cases, however, home treatment is sufficient. Wash your mouth frequently with warm salt water, which aids in healing.
Over-the-counter numbing gels can help ease the pain, and canker sore treatments can cover the sore, preventing it from becoming irritated by food and talking.
How to Prevent Canker Sores?
Take a daily multivitamin to decrease your likelihood of developing canker sores. If you eat lots of spicy food, brush your teeth, and wash your mouth out with water immediately after eating.
A balanced diet consisting of fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, and plenty of water may also decrease your chances of developing painful canker sores.
If canker sores do not go away on their own after several days. If they become very painful, consult your doctor. You may have another condition or an infected sore.