Arthritis : Symptoms, Causes, Types and Treatments


Arthritis literally means ‘joint inflammation’ i.e an inflammation of the joints. Arthritis pain is caused by the swelling of joints. In its many forms (over 150 at last count), arthritis is one of the most widespread ailments afflicting older people today.

In fact, by the age of 70, nearly everyone will experience some form of rheumatism or arthritis. There is no real cure, but there are remedies for arthritis pain relief.

There are 16 million sufferers of various forms of arthritis in the US, 8 million in the UK and 3 million in Australia, with an average age of 45, that are using arthritis drugs and pain relievers.

Many follow traditional medical treatments, while others use alternatives such as arthritis vitamins and herbs. Often a change in diet can help, starting with breakfast. If you’d like to try a vegetarian breakfast, this might help with your condition.


Arthritis pain is passed off by many as an inconsequential pain and that it is ‘only’ arthritis, but those with arthritis pain know how difficult it is to live and function daily.

Approximately 40% of the world’s population suffering from arthritis and arthritis pain.

Types of Arthritis

While there are many types of arthritis and resulting arthritis pain, the two most common types of arthritis are Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis. Others common types of arthritis are:

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis
  2. Osteoarthritis
  3. Psoriatic Arthritis
  4. Gout
  5. Lupus

Osteoarthritis vs Rheumatoid Arthritis

Arthritis pain from rheumatoid arthritis is a result of the body attacking the cells in the joints of one’s own body and causing inflammation and swelling, while arthritis pain from Osteoarthritis is generally caused by the wear and tear of life.

What are the Causes of Arthritis

Osteoarthritis is known as the ‘wear and tear’ arthritis because the cartilage that buffers the joint is worn away as a result of overuse, injury or simply a predisposition to Osteoarthritis. The best way to treat this type of arthritis is to use the joints less or take part in low impact activities.

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the healthy cells and tissues of the body and affects the soft tissue called synovium, in joints that produces a fluid that lubricates the joints and nourishes the cartilage. It is the other common type of arthritis affecting individuals worldwide. This is a more debilitating type of arthritis that frequently results in excruciating pain and disfigurement.

What are the Arthritis Symptoms?

There are many different symptoms of arthritis, including inflammation, joint pain and limited movement of joints.

Inflamed joints may be swollen, tender, red or warm to the touch. A protective capsule surrounds each joint and holds a lubricating fluid to aid in motion. The cartilage may be narrowed, damaged, and lost at joint arthritis, by inflammation or by a degenerative process making movement painful. Cartilage is a slippery smooth substance that covers most joints to assure an even, fluid motion of the joint.

Early signs of arthritis symptoms include difficulty functioning at home, work or at exercise due to stiffness or joint pain. Mundane chores such as getting out of bed in the morning, doing up buttons, sewing, writing, preparing meals, walking, climbing stairs, getting up from a chair or a toilet may all be impaired and be arthritis symptoms.

After experiencing more than two weeks pain, stiffness, or swelling around a joint you should visit your doctor to find out if the symptoms you are suffering are arthritis symptoms.

Arthritis symptoms may arise suddenly (as in gout) or develop slowly over time.

How is arthritis treated?

Treating arthritis is not easy and the condition may last for a lifetime, but improving the quality of life and controlling the arthritis is possible if you use a program of regular exercise.

The best course of arthritis treatment depends on the type you have.


It is common to use anti-inflammatory medications in the rheumatoid arthritis treatment.

Naproxen, ibuprofen, salicylates and other prescribed drugs are frequently taught in online nursing programs so assistants have a general understanding of arthritis medications.

These medications have demonstrated efficacy treating arthritis, being effective in relieving pain and inflammation associated with arthritis, but with side effects associated with abuse.

over the counter medicines like Advil and Aleve are often prescribed for arthritis pain and many prescription drugs as well. And sufferers incorporate stretching and exercise to help with arthritis pain while others use natural supplements like glucosamine for arthritis pain.

If you have arthritis pain due to any type of arthritis then you should work with your doctor to find the best arthritis pain relief for you because you don’t have to suffer.


Arthritis surgey includes removal of the joint lining (Synovectomy), bone fusion (Arthrodesis), joint reconstruction (Arthroplasty), and cutting and resetting of the bone (Osteotomy).

The development of arthroscopic arthritis surgery, whereby joints can be examined by a tiny camera before a course of action is decided, has made arthritis surgery a safer option.

Doctor in arthritis surgery may ask you lots of questions to determine your suitability for arthritis surgery and be sure to ask questions yourself.

Your questions should include:

Are you sure I need arthritis surgery?

What can expect from the arthritis surgery?

Does my arthritis respond well to arthritis surgery?

What are the risks?

How much rehabilitation is involved?

Will I be able to stand the arthritis surgery?

What will my life be like in the future if I don’t have arthritis surgery?

Physical therapy

Diet Change

Rheumatoid arthritis treatment, in fact treating arthritis generally, requires particular attention to your diet.

Although, you will always need to have your doctor check your arthritis condition, a rheumatoid arthritis treatment including a balanced diet and the intake of vitamins and dietary supplements will keep away the pain.


The sooner you begin treatment to protect your joints and decrease the arthritis pain the better for your long-term comfort. Try to protect your joints by avoiding excess stress. Maintaining or achieving your ideal weight will also relieve pressure on your hips and knees.